Writing Tip for Avoiding Reduncancy

Redundancy takes many forms and it makes for clunky, dull writing. Below I shall give a few examples.

When words and punctuation are redundant, stop with the quotation:

  • “Stop!” he shouted.
  • “Why?” he asked.

When the whole concept is embodied elsewhere, the underlined word or phrase can be eliminated:

  • She sat down.
  • …she thought to herself.
  • and etc.

And, finally, don’t use two–or more–words when one  would do. Simply choose the strongest, or the one closest to the meaning you are striving for.

  • She hated, loathed, and despised him.
  • The wind blew hard, raging across the open field.
  • Joe was tall, towering over his teammates.

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